The Pacification of Burma Sir Charles Haukes Todd Crosthwaite

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Published: October 22nd 2015

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440 pages


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The Pacification of Burma  by  Sir Charles Haukes Todd Crosthwaite

The Pacification of Burma by Sir Charles Haukes Todd Crosthwaite
October 22nd 2015 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 440 pages | ISBN: | 4.76 Mb

The Pacification of Burma by Sir Charles Haukes Todd CrosthwaiteUpper Burma was invaded and annexed in the year 1885. The work hardly occupied a month. In the following year the subjugation of the people by the destruction of all formidable armedMoreThe Pacification of Burma by Sir Charles Haukes Todd CrosthwaiteUpper Burma was invaded and annexed in the year 1885. The work hardly occupied a month. In the following year the subjugation of the people by the destruction of all formidable armed resistance was effected- lastly, the pacification of the country, including the establishment of an orderly government with peace and security, occupied four years.As head of the civil administration, I was mainly concerned with this last phase.It would be a difficult task to give a continuous history of the military operations by which the country was subjugated.

The resistance opposed to our troops was desultory, spasmodic, and without definite plan or purpose. The measures taken to overcome it necessarily were affected by these characteristics, although they were framed on definite principles.

A history of them would resolve itself into a number of more or less unconnected narratives.A similar difficulty, but less in degree, meets the attempt to record the measures which I have included in the term pacification. Certain definite objects were always before us. The policy to be followed for their attainment was fixed, and the measures and instruments by which it was to be carried out were selected and prepared. But I have found it best not to attempt to follow any order, either chronological or other, in writing this narrative.My purpose in writing has been to give an intelligible narrative of the work done in Burma in the years following the annexation.

It was certainly arduous work done under great difficulties of all kinds, and, from the nature of the case, with less chance of recognition or distinction than of disease or death. The work was, I believe, well done, and has proved itself to be good.My narrative may not attract many who have no connection with Burma. But for those who served in Burma during the period covered by it, whether soldiers or civilians, it may have an interest, and especially for those still in the Burma Commission and their successors.I hope that Field-Marshal Sir George White, V.C., to whom, and to all the officers and men of the Burma Field Force, I owe so much, may find my pages not without interest.I have endeavoured to show how the conduct of the soldiers of the Queen, British and Indian, helped the civil administration to establish peace.I believe, as I have said, that our work has been successful.

The credit, let us remember, is due quite as much to India as to Britain. How long would it have taken to subjugate and pacify Burma if we had not been able to get the help of the fighting-men from India, and what would have been the cost in men and money? For the Burmans themselves I, in common with all who have been associated with them, have a sincere affection. Many of them assisted us from the first, and from the Upper Burmans many loyal and capable gentlemen are now helping to govern their country justly and efficiently.It has been brought home to me in making this rough record how many of those who took part in this campaign against disorder have laid down their lives.

I hope I may have helped to do honour to their memories.I have to thank all the kind friends who have sent me photographs to illustrate this book, and especially Sir Harvey Adamson, the present Lieutenant-Governor, for his kindness in making my wants known.



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